Dark circles are a generally harmless condition described by experts as “round, uniform areas of pigmentation” beneath the eyes. Though the condition is commonly associated with lack of sleep, fatigue is not a main cause of under-eye circles. Instead, the culprits lie within allergies, heredity, aging skin and sun exposure. Hereditary dark circles under your eyes show up as round, uniform areas of darker skin. The difference is that hereditary dark circles are determined by genetics, so while you can do things to make them look worse or better, you can’t control whether or not you have them in the first place.
If you’re prone to dark circles because of your genes, certain behaviors can exacerbate the problem and make your dark circles more noticeable. Sun damage can cause your skin to step up melanin production, increasing under-eye darkness. Drinking too much alcohol or consuming lots of caffeinated beverages can also make dark circles more noticeable. Smoking can significantly increase the appearance of dark circles. If you are genetically prone to dark circles, you may want to limit or avoid these behaviors.
Most dark circles are caused by allergies, which can be hereditary. When you rub your eyes to soothe irritation, you may be causing dark circles. Some people may also have more pigment beneath the eyes or slower vascular movement which also goes with hereditary traits. An over-the-counter or prescription antihistamine can help prevent dark circles caused by allergies. If you know your hereditary dark circles are caused in whole or in part by vascular issues, sleeping propped up on pillows and applying a cool compress in the morning may be all you need to reduce their appearance. If thin skin runs in your family, a retinol or vitamin C cream helps stimulate collagen production to make skin thicker and the veins beneath less noticeable.
If you want to explore simpler options here is a simple home remedy. Give it a try! It might be all that it takes to improve mild to moderate under-eye circles
1) Refrigerate two teaspoons for 10 to 15 minutes, or until sufficiently chilled.
2) Lie down with your eyes closed. Place one refrigerated teaspoon over each eye. According to Celevenus Singapore, the cold will temporarily shrink discolored and dilated blood vessels. Remove the teaspoons after 10 minutes.
3) Splash your face with cold water, then pat dry with a clean towel. Do not rub; this can irritate eyes and exacerbate puffiness.
4) Apply a non-comedogenic, water-based moisturizer with SPF. This will moisturize the delicate tissue around the eye and prevent under-eye pigment from further darkening
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